AskDefine | Define fret

Dictionary Definition

fret

Noun

1 agitation resulting from active worry; "don't get in a stew"; "he's in a sweat about exams" [syn: stew, sweat, lather, swither]
2 a spot that has been worn away by abrasion or erosion [syn: worn spot]
3 an ornamental pattern consisting of repeated vertical and horizonal lines (often in relief); "there was a simple fret at the top of the walls" [syn: Greek fret, Greek key, key pattern]
4 a small bar of metal across the fingerboard of a musical instrument; when the string is stopped by a finger at the metal bar it will produce a note of the desired pitch

Verb

1 worry unnecessarily or excessively; "don't fuss too much over the grandchildren--they are quite big now" [syn: fuss, niggle]
2 be agitated or irritated; "don't fret over these small details"
3 provide (a musical instrument) with frets; "fret a guitar"
4 become or make sore by or as if by rubbing [syn: chafe, gall]
5 cause annoyance in
6 gnaw into; make resentful or angry; "The unjustice rankled her"; "his resentment festered" [syn: eat into, rankle, grate]
7 carve a pattern into
8 decorate with an interlaced design
9 be too tight; rub or press; "This neckband is choking the cat" [syn: choke, gag]
10 cause friction; "my sweater scratches" [syn: rub, fray, chafe, scratch]
11 remove soil or rock; "Rain eroded the terraces" [syn: erode, eat away]
12 wear away or erode [syn: eat away] [also: fretting, fretted]

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Pronunciation

/frɛt/

Etymology 1

Old English fretan, from a base corresponding to for- + eat. Cognate with Dutch vreten, German fressen.

Verb

  1. In the context of "transitive|obsolete/poetic": To devour, consume.
  2. To gnaw, consume, eat away.
  3. To chafe or irritate; to worry.
  4. To worry or be anxious.
Translations
to devour, consume
To gnaw, consume, eat away
To chafe or irritate; to worry
To worry or be anxious

Etymology 2

Origin unknown.

Noun

  1. One of the pieces of metal/wood/plastic across the neck of a guitar or other musical instrument that marks note positions for fingering.
  2. An ornamental pattern consisting of repeated vertical and horizontal lines (often in relief).
Derived terms
Translations
One of the pieces of metal/wood/plastic across the neck of a guitar
An ornamental pattern consisting of repeated vertical and horizontal lines

Etymology 3

From fretum

Noun

  1. A strait; channel.
Related terms

Dutch

Pronunciation

Noun

fret

French

Noun

fr-noun m
  1. In the context of "shipping|lang=fr": Freight, cargo fees: the cost of transporting cargo by boat.
  2. In the context of "by extension|lang=fr": Rental of a ship, in whole or in part.
  3. Freight, cargo, payload i of a ship.
    • 2008 March 9, Reuters, “L'ATV Jules Verne né sous une bonne étoile”,
      Il n'y aura plus alors que les vaisseaux Progress russes pour emmener du fret à bord de la station spatiale, et les Soyouz pour les vols habités.

Extensive Definition

A fret is a raised portion on the neck of a stringed instrument, that extends generally across the full width of the neck. On most modern western instruments, frets are metal strips inserted into the fingerboard. On historical instruments and some non-European instruments, pieces of string tied around the neck serve as frets.
Frets divide the neck into fixed segments at intervals related to a musical framework. On instruments such as guitars, each fret represents one semitone in the standard western system where one octave is divided into twelve semitones.
"To fret" is often used as a verb, meaning simply "to press down the string behind a fret."

Explanation

Pressing the string against the fret reduces the vibrating length of the string to that between the damped if the string were stopped with the soft fingertip on a fretless fingerboard.
An advantage of frets is that they make it much easier to achieve an acceptable standard of intonation since the positions for the correct notes are given by the frets. Furthermore, playing chords are much easier on a fretted fingerboard.
A disadvantage of using frets is that the player is restricted by the temperament given by the position of the frets. Some influence on the intonation is still possible, however. The string can be pulled to the side to increase the string tension and the pitch. This technique (commonly called 'bending') is often used by electric guitarists of all genres and is a very important part of sitar playing. On instruments with thicker frets, the string tension and pitch will vary with the pressure of the finger behind the fret. Sometimes it is also possible to pull the string toward the bridge or nut, thus lowering or raising the string tension and pitch, respectively. However, with the exception of instruments like the sitar, where extensive pulling of the string is possible, much less influence on the intonation is possible than on unfretted instruments.
Since the intonation of most modern western fretted instruments is equal tempered, the ratio of the distances of two consecutive frets to the bridge is \sqrt[12], or approximately 1.059463. Theoretically, the twelfth fret should divide the string in two exact halves. To compensate for the increase in string tension when the string is pressed against the frets, the bridge position can be adjusted slightly so that the 12th fret plays exactly in tune.
Many instruments' frets are not spaced according to the semitones of equal temperament, including the Appalachian dulcimer (with frets in a diatonic scale), the Turkish Saz (with frets spaced according to the Makam system of Turkish folk music), the Arabic Buzuq (with frets spaced according to the Arabic Maqam system), and the Persian setar and tar (with frets spaced according to the Persian Dastgah system), and the Turkish tanbur (with as many as 5 frets per semitone, to cover all of the commas of the Turkish Makam system).

Variations

Slanted frets: Most frets are perpendicular to the instrument's neck. Though slanted frets might be more ergonomic, few luthiers offer slanted or fanned frets; Rickenbacher offered them in the late 60's, and Novax Guitars offers such guitars today. The appearance of angled frets on these modern instruments belies the antiquity of this technique. Fanned frets first appeared on the 16th century Orpharion, a variant of the lute.
Scalloped Fretboard: Another variant is called "scalloping" and involves the wood between some or all of the frets being scooped out. This allows a lighter touch for faster playing and also opens up new options for altering the pitch by bending the strings with the fretting hand. It had some popularity with musicians playing heavy metal music, although the idea can also be seen in more ancient instruments such as the sitar.

Semi-fretted instruments

It is also possible to find semi-fretted instruments; examples include the Malagasy kabosy and the Afghan Rubab. Semi-fretted versions of guitars and other fretted string instruments, however, are usually one-off, custom adaptations made for players who want to combine elements of both types of sound. One arrangement is for the frets to extend only part of the way along the neck so that the higher notes can be played with the smooth expression possible with a fretless fingerboard. Another approach is the use of frets that extend only partway across the fretboard so that some courses of strings are fretted and others fretless, for example Ryszard Latecki's Latar.

Fret intonation

Instruments with straight frets like guitars require a special compensation on the saddle and nut. Every time a string is fretted it is also stretched, and as it stretches the string rises in pitch, making all fretted tones sound sharp. When the saddle is positioned properly, however, the fretted tones all sound sharp to the same degree as long as the distances between the frets are correct. With the right nut compensation, the pitch of the unfretted string can be raised by the same amount. As a result, when the tension of the strings is lowered, the pitches of all notes, both fretted and unfretted, becomes correct.

External links

fret in Czech: Pražec (hudba)
fret in German: Bund (Saiteninstrument)
fret in Spanish: Traste
fret in French: Frette
fret in Dutch: Fret (muziek)
fret in Japanese: フレット
fret in Norwegian Nynorsk: Tverrband
fret in Polish: Bont
fret in Portuguese: Traste
fret in Russian: Лад (деталь музыкального инструмента)
fret in Simple English: Fret

Synonyms, Antonyms and Related Words

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